William E. Johnston

ESnet Senior Scientist and Advisor
Energy Sciences Network
Computational Research Division
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
wej@es.net
tel: +1-510-486-5014, fax: +1-603-719-1356
USMail:
1 Cyclotron Rd., MS 50A-3111
Berkeley, CA, 94720, USA
PGP: EF 39 DD 5E 42 A3 B4 09 BD 51 82 88 DE 66 6F 44 46 78 3E C7

Bio

William E. (Bill) Johnston is a Senior Scientist and advisor to the US Dept. of Energy, Energy Sciences Network (ESnet) (www.es.net) in the Computational Research Division of the Computing Sciences Directorate of Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory.

Bill was the ESnet Department Head from Oct. 2003 to Oct. 2008, when he retired. (ESnet is the wide area network that serves the science facilities of the US Dept. of Energy's Office of Science.) During his tenure leading ESnet Bill undertook a complete reanalysis of the requirements of DOE's Office of Science programs that ESnet supports. This resulted in 5 and 10 year network usage projections that were far in excess of the capacity available in the 2003 configuration of ESnet. Bill then led the effort to develop a new network architecture and implementation that would accommodate the massive data flows of science as typified by the movement of petabytes/year from the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN to several ESnet sites for storage and processing and then to a collection of universities for analysis. The new network design entailed a multiple ring, dual core, national network. One core was primarily oriented toward commodity IP traffic and the other - 20 Gb/s (in 2008) growing to 50 Gb/s (in 2010) - was a virtual circuit-oriented network designed to handle the massive data flows of large-scale instrument-based science such as the LHC. This new design was shepherded through several review cycles and the funding process. The new network (www.es.net/ESnet4) was funded in 2006. A partnership was established with Internet2 to share a national optical infrastructure, and a seven year agreement was negotiated for the many 10 Gb/s optical circuits that are the foundation of ESnet4. The new network was built by ESnet's highly competent staff in 2007 and 2008, and by late 2008 some 125 10Gb/s optical circuits were in use around the country.

Prior to joining ESnet, Bill's long time research interests included high-speed, wide area network based, distributed systems, widely distributed computational and data "Grids," Public-Key Infrastructure based security and authorization systems, and use of the global Internet to enable remote access to scientific, analytical, and medical instrumentation.

Other professional activities have included establishing the Distributed Systems Department and serving as Dept. Head for several years (now the Advanced Computing for Science Dept. headed by Deb Agarwal) and being Principal Investigator for several DOE Office of Science projects related to the application of computing in science environments. Bill is also co-founder (with Ian Foster and Charlie Catlett) of the Grid Forum (which merged with the European Grid Forum to form the Global Grid Forum, and has since merged with the equivalent industry group to become the Open Grid Forum).

Bill has worked in the field of computing and its support of the classical sciences for 40 years. He has taught computer science at the under graduate and graduate levels. He has a Masters Degree in Mathematics and Physics from San Francisco State University. Bill may be reached at wej@es.net. For more information see www.dsd.lbl.gov/~wej.

Summer, 2009


Resume (July, 2003)
(PDF)

Primary papers and presentations over the past decade:



"The Evolution of Research and Education Networks and their Essential Role in 
Modern Science,"November, 2008. William JOHNSTON, Evangelos 
CHANIOTAKIS, Eli DART, Chin GUOK, Joe METZGER, and Brian TIERNEY.  ESnet, 
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory.
Book chapter in “Advances in Parallel Computing,” Volume 18, 2009, “High 
Speed and Large Scale Scientific Computing.” Edited by Wolfgang Gentzsch, 
Lucio Grandinetti, Gerhard Joubert. IOS Press, ISBN: 978-1-60750-073-5.

"Network Communication as a Service-Oriented Capability," March 2008. 
William E Johnston, Joe Metzger, Mike O’Connor, Michael Collins, Joseph 
Burrescia, Eli Dart, Jim Gagliardi, Chin Guok, and Kevin Oberman.
Chapter in “High Performance Computing and Grids in Action,” Volume 16 
Advances in Parallel Computing, Editor: L. Grandinetti, March 2008, IOS Press, 
ISBN: 978-1-58603-839-7.

"A User Driven Dynamic Circuit Network Implementation,” Jul 2008. Chin P. 
Guok, David W. Robertson, Evangelos Chaniotakis, Mary R. Thompson, William 
Johnston, and Brian Tierney.
DANMS (Distributed Autonomous Network Management Systems) 2008, IEEE.

"Intra and Interdomain Circuit Provisioning Using the OSCARS Reservation  
System," October 2006. Chin Guok, David Robertson, Mary Thompson, Jason 
Lee, Brian Tierney, and William Johnston.
Third International Conference on Broadband Communications, Networks, and 
Systems, IEEE/ICST 2006.

"The Advanced Networks and Services Underpinning Modern, Large-Scale 
Science: DOE's ESnet," Nov. 2005. William E. Johnston, Lawrence Berkeley 
National Laboratory
Chapter in: L. Grandinetti (ed.), "Grid Computing: The New Frontiers of High 
Performance Computing." Elsevier, 2005. ISBN: 978-0-444-51999-3.

"Semantic Services for Grid Based, Large-Scale Science," William E. Johnston, 
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and NASA Ames Research Center.
IEEE Intelligent Systems, Special Issue on e-Science, January/February 2004 
(Vol. 19, No. 1), pp. 34-39.

"Computing and Data Grids for Science and Engineering,” William E. Johnston, 
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab and NASA Ames Research Center.
Invited keynote talk at the inaugural meeting of the Japanese National 
Research Grid Initiative project. Tokyo, Japan, 02 July 2003. See "NaReGi 
(National Research Grid Initiative): 2003~2007" - Kenichi Miura. 

"The Evolution of Cyberinfrastructure for Science: From IP to OIL," William E. 
Johnston, Lawrence Berkeley National Lab and NASA Ames Research Center.
Versions of this talk were presented at: SC2002, Baltimore, MD, 20 Nov 2002 
and at the World Summit on the Information Society, Bucharest, Romania. 9 
Nov. 2002. 

"Implementing Production Grids for Science and Engineering," William E. 
Johnston, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, Calif. and NASA 
Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, Calif. (USA); John M. Brooke, 
Manchester Computing and Department of Computer Science, University of 
Manchester (UK); Randy Butler, National Center for Supercomputing 
Applications (NCSA), University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (USA); David 
Foster, CERN LHC Computing Grid Project, Geneva (Switzerland), and; Mirco 
Mazzucato, INFN-Padova (Italy).
Chapter in "The Grid: Blueprint for a New Computing Infrastructure," 2nd 
Edition (Grid 2), Morgan Kaufmann, Elsevier, 2004, ISBN 1-55860-933-4.

"A Different Perspective on the Question of 'What is a Grid'? " William E. 
Johnston.
Grid Today, August 12, 2002: Vol. 1 No. 9.

"The Computing and Data Grid Approach: Infrastructure for Distributed Science 
Applications, " William E. Johnston, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and 
NASA Ames Research Center
Computing and informatics, 2002, vol. 21, no 4 (142 p.). ISSN: 1335-9150.

"Core Grid Functions: A Minimal Architecture for Grids, " William E. Johnston, 
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab and NASA Ames Research Center.
UK eScience All Hands Meeting, Sheffield Hallan University, Sheffield, UK, 
Sept. 2-4, 2002.

"Implementing Production Grids, " William E. Johnston, Lawrence Berkeley 
National Lab and NASA Ames Research Center; the NASA IPG Engineering 
Team, and; the DOE Science Grid Team.
Versions of this talk were presented at: CEOS GRID Workshop, 06-07 May 2002, 
European Space Agency, Frascati, Italy; Global Grid Forum 4, Feb. 19, 2002, 
AND; UK Office of Science and Technology's e-Science Town Meeting, July 27, 
2001, QEII Conference Centre, London. 

"Computational and Data Grids in Large-Scale Science and Engineering," 
William E. Johnston, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and NASA Ames 
Research Center.
Future Generation Computer Systems, Volume 18 , Issue 8 (October 2002), 
Pages: 1085 – 1100. Year of Publication: 2002  ISSN:0167-739X.

"NASA’s Information Power Grid: Application Experience in a Production 
Distributed Computing and Data Management Grid, “ William E. Johnston, et al. 
NASA Ames Research Center.
Versions of this talk were presented at: NASA Ames Information Technologies 
Forum, Jan. 31, 2002; UK Office of Science and Technology's e-Science Town 
Meeting, July 27, 2001, QEII Conference Centre, London; Global Grid Forum-2 , 
Washington, DC, July 16-18, 2001, AND; First EuroGlobus Workshop 
(www.euroglobus.unile.it) , Robinson Club Apulia Village, Marina di Ugento, 
Lecce - ITALY, 16-23 June 2001.

"Information Power Grid: Distributed High-Performance Computing and Large-
Scale Data Management for Science and Engineering, " William E. Johnston, 
Dennis Gannon, and Bill Nitzberg, Numerical Aerospace Simulation Division, 
NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA.
International Conference on Computing in High Energy and Nuclear Physics. 
February 7 - February 11, 2000, Teatro Antonianum, Padova (Italy).

" The Evolution Towards Grids: Ten Years of High-Speed, Wide Area, Data 
Intensive Computing, " William E. Johnston, Information and Computing 
Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and NAS Division, 
NASA Ames Research Center.
Cluster Computing: the Journal of Networks, Software Tools and Applications, 
2000.

"Grids as Production Computing Environments: The Engineering Aspects of 
NASA's Information Power Grid, " William E. Johnston, Dennis Gannon, and Bill 
Nitzberg.
Proceedings of the 8th IEEE International Symposium on High Performance 
Distributed Computing, 1999. IEEE Computer Society  Washington, DC, USA, 
ISBN:0-7695-0287-3.

" Real-Time Widely Distributed Instrumentation Systems," William E. Johnston 
and Brian Tierney, Information and Computing Sciences Division, Lawrence 
Berkeley National Laboratory.
Chapter in "The Grid: Blueprint for a New Computing Infrastructure." Edited by 
Ian Foster and Carl Kesselman. Morgan Kaufmann, Pubs. August 1998.

Of historical interest - the view from 1998.
"High-Speed, Wide Area, Data Intensive Computing: A Ten Year 
Retrospective," William E. Johnston.
In proceedings of the Seventh IEEE International Symposium on High 
Performance Distributed Computing, July 29-31, 1998, Chicago, Ill.

Grid and Networking R&D papers and presentations.

Other papers.


Administrative Information: William Johnston is responsible for this WWW document.
To report problems, e-mail "wejohnston at lbl.gov".

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